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Cooperation with the US, China, and Russia for Denuclearization of North Korea

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Author Min, TaeEun,Hwang, Taeyeon,Hyun, Seungsoo
Publish Date / Page 2022-05-18 / 12 p.
Series No. CO 22-13(E)
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The situation surrounding the Korean Peninsula is dire over the denuclearization of North Korea. The new government of the Republic of Korea (ROK), sworn in amidst the uncertainty, should explore measures to cooperate with the US, China, and Russia to denuclearize North Korea. First, the ROK and the US need to understand each other's position on how to strengthen the US-ROK alliance. Then, it is necessary to help make denuclearization issues of North Korea a policy priority for the US. To this end, it is crucial to make use of the upcoming ROK-US meeting as momentum for resolution of North Korea’s nuclear issues. The ROK needs to strengthen not only the US-led minilateral organizations but also diplomatic networks with ASEAN countries, raising South Korea's strategic importance. The ROK government should induce China to play an active role in either six-party talks or similar minilateral meetings to resolve North Korea's nuclear issues. South Korea should also seek out practical diplomatic measures so that economic values created by the trilateral economic cooperation (South Korea, North Korea, and China) can replace North Korea's geopolitical values. Lastly, the ROK needs to continue observing the escalating situation in Russia and the international community and explore measures for cooperation with Russia to counter changes in global circumstances.